Anunnaki is a Sumerian Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian deity group. Zecharia SITTIN, an American novelist, was born in Azerbaijan. He promoted a theory about human origins that included ancient astronauts. Sitchin asserts that the Sumerian society was founded by the Anunnaki, an extraterrestrial species from Nibiru. He believed that Nibiru (a fictional planet in Solar System) was in an extended, circular orbit. Sumerian mythology also reflected his belief. Sitchin’s works have been translated into over 25 languages and have sold millions of copies throughout the world.
Scientists and academicians reject Sitchin’s beliefs, dismissing them as pseudohistory and pseudoscience. Sitchin’s work has been chastised for its poor methodology, mistranslations of ancient writings, and false astrological and scientific claims. Sitchin espoused hypotheses in which alien occurrences allegedly had a substantial part in early human history, similar to earlier authors such as Immanuel Velikovsky and Erich von Däniken.
According to Sitchin’s interpretation of Mesopotamian imagery and symbolism, which he presented in his 1976 book “The 12th Planet” and its successors, there is an unknown planet beyond Neptune that orbits the inner solar system in a lengthy, elliptical orbit every 3,600 years. Named Nibiru, this planet is. According to Sitchin, Nibiru (whose name was changed to MARDUK in original legends by a Babylonian ruler of the same name in an attempt to co-opt the creation for himself, causing some confusion among readers) collided catastrophically with Tiamat (a goddess in the Babylonian creation myth the Enûma Eli), which he believes was once located between Mars and Jupiter.
As a result of the collision, the planet Earth, asteroid belt and comets were formed. According to Sitchin, Tiamat split in half after being struck by one of Nibiru’s moons, and then Nibiru itself impacted the fractured fragments on a subsequent pass, causing one-half of Tiamat to become the asteroid belt. The second half was forced into a new orbit by one of Nibiru’s moons and created today’s planet Earth. According to Sitchin, Nibiru (dubbed “the twelfth planet” because the Sumerians’ gods-given conception of the Solar System counted all eight planets, plus Pluto, the Sun, and the Moon) was the home of a technologically advanced human-like extraterrestrial race known as the Anunnaki in Sumerian myth, who Sitchin claims are known in Genesis as the Nephilim. They evolved when Nibiru entered our solar system, landing on Earth 450,000 years earlier. They were hunting for minerals, especially gold, which was discovered in Africa.
According to Sitchin, these “gods” were members of the colonization mission from planet Nibiru to Earth.
Enki suggested that primitive workers (Homo Sapiens) should be made slaves by crossing extraterrestrial genetics with those of Homo Erectus in order to alleviate the Anunnaki who had mutinied about their working conditions. They also be replaced in gold mines by crossing extraterrestrial genetics with those of Homo Erectus. According to Sitchin, ancient writings claim that these “gods” guided the establishment of human civilization in Sumer, Mesopotamia and that human royalty was established to serve as intermediaries between humans and the Anunnaki (forming the “divine right of kings” idea). Sitchin argues that the “bad wind” mentioned in the Lament for Ur, which destroyed Ur circa 2000 BC, is the fallout from nuclear weapons used during a conflict between alien groups.
Sitchin claims that the year 2024 BC is true. Sitchin asserts that his findings are consistent with many biblical scriptures, and that the biblical texts are derived form Sumerian literature. Sitchin’s work has been criticized particularly in three categories: 1) ancient text translations and interpretations, 2) astronomical and scientific observations, and 3) myth literalism. Two things are different: interpretation and translation. Sumerian was only accessible to professionals when Sitchin wrote his works. However, materials such as the Sumerian Lexicon 2006 have made it more accessible to non-experts. Michael S. Heiser, an ancient language specialist, claims to have discovered several flaws in Sitchin’s translations and challenges interested parties to utilize this book to verify their accuracy
Professor Ronald H. Fritze, author of “Invented Knowledge: False History, Fake Science, and Pseudo-religions,” cites Sitchin’s claim that the Sumerian sign Din-Gir means “pure ones of the blazing rockets,” and says that “Sitchin’s assignment of meanings to ancient words is tendentious and frequently strained.” “When opponents have investigated Sitchin’s sources, they have discovered that he frequently cites out of context or truncates his statements in a way that distorts facts in order to establish his contentions,” Fritze said of Sitchin’s methods. Anything is given selectively, and evidence that contradicts it is omitted.” Sitchin’s arguments are based on his own readings of pre-Nubian and Sumerian writings, as well as the seal VA 243. Sitchin claimed that ancient civilizations knew of a twelfth, but only five. Sumerian astrological calendars and seals have been documented in hundreds. Each seal contains five planets. Sitchin recognises 12 spots in Seal VA 243 that are planets. Seal VA 243 is supposed to be a communication from a lord to a servant since it reads “You’re his Servant” when translated. According to semiologist Michael S. Heiser the so-called “sun” on Seal VA 234, is not the Sumerian sign of the sun and the dots are stars. The VA 243 seal has very little to do with the many Sumerian sun emblems discovered. Roger W. Wescott, Professor of Anthropology and Linguistics at Drew University in Madison, New Jersey, criticized Sitchin’s amateurishness with regard to the predominance of the Sumerian language in a 1979 review of The Twelfth Planet: Sitchin’s linguistics, like his anthropology, biology, and astronomy, appears to be incompetent. For example, he claims on page 370 that “all the ancient languages… including early Chinese… derived from one primal source – Sumerian.”
Sumerian, as it happens, is the virtual paradigm for what linguistic taxonomists call a language-isolate. This refers to a language that doesn’t belong to any well-known language group or has obvious cognition with another language. Even if Sitchin was referring to written language, it is difficult to defend his claim. Sumerian Ideograms were preceded European signators such the Azilian or Tartarian as well as a variety Scriptlike Notational Systems between the Nile & Indus rivers. Sumerian literature refers to the Sumerian literature, which is composed in Sumerian during Middle Bronze Age. Sumerian literature is preserved mainly through Assyrian copies or Babylonian ones. Sumerians created the first writing system. They adapted earlier proto-writing systems from the 30th century to create Sumerian cuneiform. Written texts first appeared around the 27th century BC. Even though the spoken language disappeared from the population, Sumerian continued to be used in official and literarial usage in the Akkadian or Babylonian empires. Literacy was widespread and the Sumerian books that students recopied profoundly influenced later Babylonian literature. Sumerian literature didn’t get passed down directly to us, but archaeology helped uncover it. However, Sumerian literature was not directly passed to us by the Akkadians or Babylonians. They carried it throughout the Middle East and influenced much later literature, such as the Bible. Sitchin was born in Baku (Azerbaijan SSR) on January 11, 1920 and died at 90 on October 9, 2010.